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Sources of intelligence

Secret intelligence gathering
Data management

Foreign and security policy
International terrorism, Al-Qaede
Economic security
Organised crime
Export control
Foreign secret services
Protective security
Communications security


The Information Office is a budgetary institution pursuing independent financial management. Under the title of "civilian national security services" of Chapter X of the central budget the Information Office has an independent subsection. The Director-General is responsible for the budgetary management, and for meeting the book-keeping and accountancy requirements.

The Minister in charge shall submit proposals for the budgets of national security services. He shall exercise, with respect to the budgetary management of the national security services drafting, budget reallocation, reporting and information-provision, financial, and controlling rights and duties of the head of the organ in charge of the budgetary section. With respect to the financial management of the national security services, he shall supervise the expediency and efficiency;

He delegates these duties to the political under-secretary who provides assistance in controlling these services.

Major budget allocations of the Information Office are public. In terms of millions of Forints for 2003:

Subtitle   Name of allocation expenditure income support
Information Office:     7 548,5
  Operational budget:   50, 0  
    Personal allowances 2977,0    
    Charges borne by the employer 953,2    
    Real costs 2,980,8    
    Other operational supports, expenditures 112,1    
  Accumulation budget:      
    Expenses for institutional investments 485,2    
    Reconstruction 78,0    
    Housing loans 12,2    

But the detailed budget of the Office is a state secret, because that might include "telling figures" for the hostile secret services. These are only the Parliament's National Security Committee, the competent unit of the Ministry of Finance, and in the course of the auditing process, the National Audit Office and the Government Control Office that are authorised to get acquainted with these data.

In order to discharge its secret service duties the Information Office has earmarked a fund for the purposes of special operational expenses, to cover the costs of the use of tools and methods of secret intelligence gathering directly linked to personal and material expenses. Differently from general book-keeping rules, major allocations earmarked for "real costs" - no matter what kind of expenses they are - include the special operational costs (e.g. meetings with foreign agents are charged not as "representative", "catering" or "traveling" expenses), in a single total amount/aggregate sum.

The Office earmarked a fund for special operational expenses to pay to the secretly co-operating private persons . A 20% income tax shall be deducted from the amount paid by the Office and shall be paid to the taxation authority, thus the co-operating person will have neither to include this into the combined tax base nor to declare it before the tax authorities. The Information Office has no obligation to provide data on these payments.

External bodies are only authorised to review the use of special operational expenses strictly from a legal point of view (not with the aims of expediency and efficiency) and cannot get acquainted with data originating from secret intelligence gathering, referring to sources or the concrete ways of intelligence gathering.

Special rules apply to the Office's public procurements related to state and service secrets and national security interests: the Parliament's National Security Committee is entitled to preliminarily exclude the application of general - procurement - laws.

European Union
National security files