History of the Information Office
The Information Office was established as part of new intelligence
community on March 1st 1990, following the regime change. Act No.
X of 1990 on the Interim Regulation of the Authorisation of the
Special Tools and Methods of Secret Services and the Government
Decree No 20/1990 (II. 14.) on the Provisional Regulation of the
Discharge of National Security Duties established the basis for
The society unanimously rejected the operation of the secret services
of the previous regime therefore the new, democratic successor services
were distrusted by the population too. At the same time, however
it was widely accepted that there was a need for such services in
a democracy as well.
In compliance with the regulations of the constitution, elaboration
of the detailed rules concerning the operation of the national security
services was launched already in 1990. The lack of political consensus
was for a long time obstructing the creation of the law. Finally
the Parliament passed the Act CXXV of l995 on the National Security
Services, in December 1995. That facilitated the Information Office
to take the place a civilian intelligence service is due in the
structure of a democratic state.
As a national organ the intelligence service takes part in the enhancement
and protection of the state interests. Its activities are tied to
the foreign and security policy and the implementation of the National
Security Strategy. It has strategic duties and functions that do
not change with the government cycles. Along with the relative stability
of the strategic goals, the requirements and programme of the government
determine the duties of the Office.
All government cycles since 1990 have contributed to the enhancement
of the Office: in 1990-1994 the basis of the intelligence service
was laid down in a democratic environment, and there was a profound
shift in the direction of its operation. This shift had an impact
on the staff too. Around 400 individuals left the service, part
of them voluntarily, part of them not. The period between 1994-1998
was hallmarked by the creation of the legislation on the operation.
The budgetary conditions were improved between 1998 and 2002, the
personnel staff of the Office became stable.
The foregoing Directors-General of the Information Office:
Colonel Dr. DERCZE István (chairman, 1990)
Major-general Dr. KOCSIS Kálmán (director-general, 1990-1996)
Major-general SZÁSZ József (director-general, 1996-1998)
Major-general PETO Tibor (director-general 1998-2002)
Major-general Dr. CZUKOR József (director-general, 2002-2004)
Major-general Dr. ZSOHÁR
István (director-general, since 2004)